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ソフトウェア:smartmontools 5.33
OS(作業日):VineLinux2.6 Kernel 2.2.17 (2004-11-01)


ソフトウエア解説
HDDのS.M.A.R.T.をコントロールするツール群です。


  • 必要なもの
    特になし
  • インストール ()
    # ./configure
    # make
    # make install
  • 使い方
  • show information
    # smartctl -i /dev/hda
    
    smartctl version 5.33 [i686-redhat-linux-gnu] Copyright (C) 2002-4 Bruce Allen
    Home page is http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net/
    
    === START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
    Device Model:     IC35L060AVV207-0
    Serial Number:    VNVB01G2R0RV5D
    Firmware Version: V22OA63A
    User Capacity:    61,492,838,400 bytes
    Device is:        In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
    ATA Version is:   6
    ATA Standard is:  ATA/ATAPI-6 T13 1410D revision 3a
    Local Time is:    Mon Oct 11 17:15:57 2004 JST
    SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
    SMART support is: Enabled
  • enable SMART
    # smartctl -s on /dev/hda
    
    smartctl version 5.33 [i686-pc-linux-gnu] Copyright (C) 2002-4 Bruce Allen
    Home page is http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net/
    
    === START OF ENABLE/DISABLE COMMANDS SECTION ===
    SMART Enabled.
  • check disk
    # smartctl -H /dev/hda
smartctl version 5.33 [i686-redhat-linux-gnu] Copyright (C) 2002-4 Bruce Allen
Home page is http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net/  

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED

# smartctl -A /dev/hda

smartctl version 5.33 [i686-redhat-linux-gnu] Copyright (C) 2002-4 Bruce Allen
Home page is http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net/ 

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 16
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED   WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x000b   100   100   060    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  2 Throughput_Performance  0x0005   100   100   050    Pre-fail  Offline      -       0
  3 Spin_Up_Time            0x0007   100   100   024    Pre-fail  Always       -       159 (Average 169)
  4 Start_Stop_Count        0x0012   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       37
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   100   100   005    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  7 Seek_Error_Rate         0x000b   100   100   067    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  8 Seek_Time_Performance   0x0005   100   100   020    Pre-fail  Offline      -       0
  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0012   098   098   000    Old_age   Always       -       16317
 10 Spin_Retry_Count        0x0013   100   100   060    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
 12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       37
192 Power-Off_Retract_Count 0x0032   100   100   050    Old_age   Always       -       715
193 Load_Cycle_Count        0x0012   100   100   050    Old_age   Always       -       715
194 Temperature_Celsius     0x0002   134   134   000    Old_age   Always       -       41 (Lifetime Min/Max 15/49)
196 Reallocated_Event_Count 0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0022   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
198 Offline_Uncorrectable   0x0008   100   100   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count    0x000a   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
  • デーモンの設定

hdaを監視し問題発生時に指定のアドレスにメールを送信する

# cat /usr/local/etc/smrtd.conf

/dev/hda -a -m tnmori@asagiri.dyndns.biz,root@localhost

デーモンの起動

/usr/local/sbin/smartd

参考文献
[0] http://www.sgtpepper.net/hyspro/diary/20040309.html
[1] http://www.atmarkit.co.jp/flinux/rensai/linuxtips/521smartinfo.html
[2] http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net/
[3] http://sourceforge.net/project/showfiles.php?group_id=64297

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